文章摘要
陈家明,蒋 彬.符号学视野下体育与少数民族的国家认同构建[J].民族学刊,2020,11(5):120-126, 159-160
符号学视野下体育与少数民族的国家认同构建
Sports and the Construction of Ethnic Minorities’ National Identity from the Perspective of Semiotics
  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-9391.2020.05.15
中文关键词: 符号学  少数民族体育  国家认同
英文关键词: semiology  ethnic minorities  sports  national identity
基金项目:
作者单位
陈家明 西南民族大学体育学院 
蒋 彬 西南民族大学西南民族研究院 
摘要点击次数: 34
全文下载次数: 35
中文摘要:
      体育与少数民族国家认同问题是一个重要的研究课题,学界目前主要就体育现象本身进行对比或论证少数民族国家认同,而缺乏符号学这一简约方法的深层次解读。国家认同是各种象征符号的集合。体育是一种天然的符号,具有丰富的文化象征含义。因而从符号学视野探究体育与少数民族国家认同具有重要的理论与现实意义。少数民族的国家认同核心是政治认同与文化认同,体育的物源符号化、自然寓意、伴随文本意义、元语言解读、共同记忆塑造功能,有力促进现代国家少数民族国家认同。认清体育符号的标出性历史反转趋势,采取适当宽幅的文化选择,加强体育元语言的解读,充分利用体育符号媒介作用,增强少数民族文化自觉与自信、强化中华“多元一体”认识,厘清国家政治边界,从而有力促进少数民族国家认同的构建。
英文摘要:
      As a multi-ethnic co-resident country, the national identity of ethnic minorities is of great significance to the national unification, social stability and economic development of China. Former studies show that the symbolic characteristics and symbolic value of sports can effectively solidify the national identity of ethnic minorities, and that sports are an effective way to promote the national identity of ethnic minorities. However, relevant research results are lacking which provide an in-depth analysis of the relationship between sports and national identity. Semiotics has the essence of simplicity, which can help us find a more concise answer among numerous and complicated problems. Therefore, it is of great theoretical value and practical significance to re-understand sports, deeply explore the connotation and value of sports activities in ethnic minority areas, and seek a new path for the national identity of ethnic minorities by means of semiotics. Therefore, this article tries to demonstrate the internal logic of the relationship between sports and national identity among ethnic minorities. It proposes that the core of the national identity of ethnic minorities lies in political identity and cultural identity; historical cases show that the strong cohesion of ethnic minority areas constructed through sports activities can effectively eliminate the gap between the state and local, and consolidate the political foundation of the national identity of ethnic minorities. The concept of modernity symbolized by modern sports and the ethnicity represented by the traditional sports of ethnic minorities interact with each other in the social development of the ethnic minority areas, and together shape the cultural forms of ethnic minority areas. This kind of cultural form is the expression of the “harmonious” thought in traditional Chinese culture, which fully embodies the pattern of diversity in unity of the Chinese nation. With the transition of China’s economic system, the society in China’s ethnic areas has undergone profound changes, and the ethnic minority compatriots have shown inadaptability to the social transformations, resulting in a series of social problems. Sports activities can enrich leisure time in life in the ethnic minority areas, help release personal pressure, adjust social relations, and promote social stability. This article gives an interpretation on how sports can construct national identity from the perspective of semiotics. Studies show that sports medals have a rich symbolic function. The case of medals won by ethnic minority athletes shows that the symbolization of sports medals can dilute ethnic differences and effectively enhance the national identity of ethnic minorities. Through the implication of natural symbols in large sports events held in frontier ethnic minority areas, China’s territorial boundaries can be displayed externally, and the national consciousness can be strengthened internally. Sports activities, with abundant accompanying texts, are of positive significance to the dissemination of the Chinese culture of “diversity in unity”. Sports accompanying text includes six kinds of text, such as sub-text. Through the examples of the traditional sports games of ethnic minorities in China, the forms of each text are defined, and the significance of accompanying text for symbolic meaning is pointed out. The accompanying text of sports symbols can spread the Chinese cultural pattern of “diversity in unity”, which plays an important role in inspiring national confidence, improving the international status of the nation and enhancing national identity. Through the interpretation of the sports meta-language of the ethnic minorities, it is helpful to understand the concept of the state of the ethnic minorities, and to build a solid Chinese national community. By shaping sports stars, the symbolic memory of Chinese heroes can be awakened. At present globalization and pan-entertainment have posed a challenge to the promotion of national identity in sports. Semiotics can be used to find the way to win this challenge through the following: 1) Appropriately tighten the cultural range and reshape the local cultural authority by carrying out traditional ethnic minority sports activities. The current situation of social pan-entertainment is serious, which leads to excessively broad culture, aphasia of meaningful leaders and fragmentation of social culture, thus hindering the formation of national cohesion. Therefore, carrying forward the traditional sports of ethnic minorities, and reshaping the authority of folk culture can accelerate the cultural introspection of ethnic minorities. It can, furthermore, improve their cultural consciousness, and enhance their cultural confidence, so as to enrich the content of Chinese national culture and promote national cultural identity. 2) Master the initiative of the meta-language interpretation of sports. Through the meta-language interpretation of sports activities in ethnic minority areas, the discourse power of the state can be enhanced, the social conflicts in ethnic minority areas can be mediated, and the social stability at the grass-roots level can be promoted, so as to strengthen the national identity of ethnic minorities. 3) Fully understand the meaning of media symbols in sports, communicate the value of national identity symbols with the help of sports events in ethnic areas, and promote the pattern of “diversity in unity” in China. 4) Follow the trend of the times and make use of cultural reversal to enhance the cultural confidence of ethnic minorities. Traditional body expression of ethnic minorities used to be the mainstream way of cultural expression. However, with the increasing power of the state and the improvement of people’s written expression ability, body expression gradually weakens. At present, the public’s attention to the body is thriving again. Therefore, the development of traditional ethnic minority sports by actively utilizing the trend of cultural reversal will produce positive significance for the expression of national culture and the promotion of cultural confidence. While vigorously developing sports activities inethnic minority areas, we should put an end to the problem of “pan-sports” and prevent sports from falling into the mire of pragmatism; we should maintain the political symbolic significance of sports, continue to adhere to the fitness, national and cultural nature of sports, so as to play a positive role for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
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