文章摘要
范 波.21世纪以来我国民族语言政与规划研究文献的计量分析[J].民族学刊,2020,11(5):93-101, 152-153
21世纪以来我国民族语言政与规划研究文献的计量分析
Bibliometric Analysis of Research Articles on China’s Ethnic Language Policy and Planning since the 21st Century
  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-9391.2020.05.12
中文关键词: 民族语言规划  语言政策  可视化分析  Citespace
英文关键词: ethnic language planning  ethnic language policy  visual analysis  CiteSpace
基金项目:
作者单位
范 波 西南科技大学外国语学院 
摘要点击次数: 31
全文下载次数: 27
中文摘要:
      本文运用文献计量软件Citespace对CNKI数据库中民族语言政策与规划领域的核心期刊文献进行了系统的可视化分析,绘制了国内该领域研究热点的聚类图谱及热点词演进趋势图谱,并从年代、作者及机构等方面进行了数据解读。通过研究能够直观、清晰地得出我国民族语言政策与规划研究的研究现状和不足。针对研究方法单一,视角单一以及研究不成体系等问题,提出针对性的建议,可为今后相关领域的研究提供参考和借鉴。
英文摘要:
      This article takes a bibliometric approach to the study of the research articles on China’s ethnic language policy and planning since the 21st century. Drawing upon the insights of visual analysis, this study prepares cluster maps of China’s research focuses, and maps the evolving trends of words in this field, while explaining these data in terms of time, authorship, institution, and so forth. As a field of interdisciplinary study between sociolinguistics and linguistic sociology, researchers on ethnic language policy and planning in China have increasingly improved their theoretical and methodological approaches as well as their research methodologies in a relatively holistic way. But so far, few studies have systematically depicted the country’s ethnic language policies and planning from the perspective of informetrics. In view of this, this article, on the basis of researching publications in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) from the years 2000 to 2020, and using CiteSpace, a bibliometric software, describes and analyzes the basic characteristics and trends of China’s ethnic language policy and planning. It does so with the aim to visually and clearly disclose the development and deficiencies of China’s research on ethnic language policy and planning, while improving the directness and effectiveness of the research area in question. The study finds that: 1) in terms of the year of publication, the amount of research articles on ethnic language policy and planning has generally witnessed an upward trend in China. It reached its highest peak in 2013, and since then the number of publications has been relatively stable. This is closely related to China’s proposed “Belt and Road” initiative in 2013, because the issue of “language”, which is of critical importance to the success of the initiative, increasingly began to be a general concern for people; 2) in terms of academic communication, although at present, several small-scale cooperative groups have been formed for China’s research of ethnic language policy and planning in general, inter-group cooperation, communication and interaction by the scholars in question is relatively lacking, and a stable group of core authors has yet to be formed; 3) in view of the distribution of research institutions, although a certain scale of cooperative networks has been developed by various research institutions, the intensity of academic cooperation and exchange requires improvement; 4) in light of the evolution of research focuses, from 2000 to 2011, China’s research on ethnic language policy and planning mainly focused on domestic ethnic languages. It put consecutive emphases on issues such as the normalization, standardization and digitization of ethnic minority languages, endangered languages and bilingual education in ethnic minority regions, as well as linguistic ecology and the diversity of ethnic languages. However, since 2012, influenced by the recent “Belt and Road” initiative, scholars’ focus on the study ethnic language policies and planning gradually shifted to the languages of ethnic minorities in cross-border areas, together with an increasing interest in the dimensions of language strategy, language management, cross-border languages, national identity, ethnic language management, etc. However, no obvious research focus has been formed. The above findings visually and clearly describe the current status and deficiencies of China’s research on ethnic language policy and planning. It could be plausibly conjectured then, that the singularity of research methodology and perspective, as well as the underdevelopment of systematic research, have become the main problems to be resolved in this area. Accordingly, this article puts forward specific solutions so as to provide references for future research in pertinent fields. First, methodologically speaking, the present research on ethnic language policy and planning has failed to engage a diversification of research methods, which are still confined to traditional ones such as ethnography or simply discourse analysis. In addition, international interaction in the research area of language planning and policy is far lower than in other branches of linguistic studies in China in that there is hardly any large-scale introduction of foreign theories and methods pertaining to this area of research; professional journals are basically as yet to be established; and the basic concepts, theories and frameworks of China’s local research are still waiting to be theorized. All of this leads to a repetition of low-level research, which has become stalemated within the narration of historical process and the sum of experience. It should be possible to propose that the study of ethnic language policy and planning be combined organically with the various other branches of linguistics. Second, China shares multiple cross-border languages with the countries participating in the “Belt and Road” initiative. However, Huang Xing and Xu Feng (2014) suggest that China basically has a minimum advantage with regard to these languages in terms of language identity, the creation and improvement of written language systems, and the vitality of language use in society. Therefore, China needs to re-examine and adjust her current ethnic language planning by comparing the current socio-linguistic environment both domestically and internationally. Third, previous studies of minority languages in China mainly focused solely on one perspective, such as language policy, language education, endangered languages, language rejuvenation, etc. Comparatively, as a frontier and popular field of research in sociolinguistics, publications concerning the study of the linguistic landscape are still relatively rare. The concept of language landscape refers both to the written language on signage visible in public spaces, and the mechanism of language policy. The latter not only reflects the existence and vitality of ethnic minority languages in public spaces, but also displays the interaction between ethnic minority languages and national and international languages, and the implementation of language policies. In doing so it thereby reveals the power relationship of different languages under specific social backgrounds. Thus, this study proposes an expanded participation in the study of linguistic landscapes, because such research is believed to be helpful to handle the co-existence between Mandarin and ethnic minority languages, and to promote the harmony and prosperity of ethnic languages and cultures. With the bibliometric software — CiteSpace, this article analyzes the domestic publications on the study of ethnic language policy and planning in China, and finds that the issues faced by China’s research on language policy and planning research and that of macro language policy and planning are generally the same: the singularity of research methodology, and the lack of a systematic research framework, and a relatively weak relationship with frontier research, internationally. It can be noted that the study of ethnic language policy and planning in China is still emerging.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

手机扫一扫看
分享按钮