文章摘要
王 田,邢珍珍.道路转换与村寨社会变迁——以汶川县羌锋村的民族志考察为例[J].民族学刊,2020,11(5):59-65, 143-145
道路转换与村寨社会变迁——以汶川县羌锋村的民族志考察为例
The Transformation of Roads and Social Change in Villages — Taking the Ethnography of Qiangfeng Village of Wenchuan County as a Case Study
  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-9391.2020.05.08
中文关键词: 道路转换  村寨社会变迁  汶川县羌锋村  民族志考察
英文关键词: the transformation of roads  social change  Qiangfeng village in Wenchuan  ethnography
基金项目:
作者单位
王 田 西南民族大学民族学与社会学学院 
邢珍珍 西南民族大学民族学与社会学学院 
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中文摘要:
      阿坝州汶川县羌锋村为“西羌第一村”,途经该村寨的道路数次转变。长时段来看,羌锋村经历了灌松古道、现代道路两种不同的道路类型,其中现代道路又可分为成阿公路、国道213线、都汶高速三个不同时期出现的三种现代道路。不同阶段道路的演变均发生在特定时代背景下,继而引起了村落不同层面的社会变迁。道路的连通疏通了地区间的隔离,打开了羌锋村与外界交流的大门,扩大了羌锋村与外界沟通的范围,村寨社会发生变迁的涉及面也愈发广泛,村落重塑的效果也逐步显著。
英文摘要:
      Since ancient times, the close ties between human and roads, in terms of meandering trails in the old days, or highways and railways in the modern times, have always carried historical memories and had a far-reaching influence on economy, politics, and culture, as a token of people-to-people exchanges among different regions. The road is a common thing in modern society, and many scholars attach great importance to researching how to make roads in more convenient and durable ways. However, roads retain the imprint left by the local people, and subtly affect the way people live. In this case, the diachronic changes of the regional roads, to a large extent, represent the essence of the changes in the regions themselves. This article focuses on the Qiangfeng Village, the so-called “First Village of the Qiang”, which is the closest to Chengdu among the Qiang ethnic villages. There has been communication between the local people and the Chengdu Plain for a long time. From the Guan-Song Ancient Road to the Cheng-A (i.e. Chengdu-Aba) Highway, National Road No.213 and the Du-Wen (i.e. Dujiangyan-Wenchuan) Expressway completed after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the continuous improvement of roads illustrates how roads play an ever-growing role in social development, directly or indirectly stimulating villages at the micro level. There is a natural thoroughfare along the Minjiang River in Wenchuan County. Having been extended, the Guan-Song Ancient Road is not only the main road in the Aba region, but also the main passageway linking the grasslands and Gansu. In the past, the Guan-Song Ancient Road extended along the east bank of the Minjiang River, passing through Gaodianzi Village, that faced Cutou Village located on the opposite side of the river. At that time, a large number of passers-by liked to stay or make deals in the nearby town, Miansi Town. Naturally, the Cutou Village, located in the west of the Minjiang River, became a village where people infrequently associated with the outside world. The road from Cutou Village to Guan-Song Ancient Road would first pass through Suoqiao Guan. At that time, Suoqiao Guan was ten miles or so from Miansi Town. During the traditional periods, Qiangfeng Village was self-sufficient. Due to the tension between population size and the cultivated areas, the populace could hardly appease their hunger. Villagers were very hardy in Cutou village because they could engage in some kinds of sideline activity to bring in extra fees to support their family during the winter slack season. 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