文章摘要
钟 洁,皮方於.西部民族村寨旅游业发展促进乡村全面振兴的逻辑与路径[J].民族学刊,2020,11(5):1-6, 127-128
西部民族村寨旅游业发展促进乡村全面振兴的逻辑与路径
The Logic and Path for the Development of the Tourism Industry in Ethnic Villages of Western China to Promote All-round Rural Revitalization
  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-9391.2020.05.01
中文关键词: 民族村寨  旅游  乡村振兴
英文关键词: ethnic village  tourism  rural revitalization
基金项目:
作者单位
钟 洁 西南民族大学旅游与历史文化学院 
皮方於 西南民族大学外国语言文学学院 
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中文摘要:
      旅游业一直是西部少数民族村寨脱贫致富、乡村社会经济发展的重要依托产业,也必将长期伴随着民族村寨乡村振兴发展的整个进程。本文在阐释乡村振兴、乡村全面振兴概念基础上,针对当前西部地区民族村寨发展面临的乡村衰落困境,提出旅游业能够促进乡村实现全面振兴是其最显著的特点,探索分析中国特色的旅游业促进西部民族村寨乡村全面振兴的道路,并按照2017年中央农村工作会议提出的“走中国特色社会主义乡村振兴道路”、2018年中央一号文件关于实施乡村振兴战略分“三步走”目标任务等一系列中央精神指导,尝试性提供旅游业促进西部民族村寨乡村全面振兴的路径选择。
英文摘要:
      The tourism industry has always been an important supporting industry for ethnic villages in western China to cast off poverty, become better off, and have rural social and economic development. And, the tourism industry also supports a long term holistic process of the revitalization and development of ethnic villages. The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China emphasized the implementation of the Rural Revitalization Strategy. In September of 2018, the State Council issued a Strategic Plan for Rural Revitalization (2018-2022) to vigorously promote the implementation work of Rural Revitalization. In view of the plight of the underdevelopment of the western ethnic villages, it is urgent to clarify how to promote the overall revitalization of the ethnic minority areas through the development of tourism within the guidance of the strategic policy of Rural Revitalization, both in theory and practice. On the basis of illustrating the concepts of Rural Revitalization and All-round Rural Revitalization, this paper, in the light of the dilemma of current rural decline, proposes that the tourism industry can promote the all-round revitalization of rural areas, and that this is one of the most significant points for the development of ethnic villages in western China. It further explores and analyzes the path for the tourism industry promoting the all-round revitalization of western ethnic villages with Chinese characteristics. And, according to the set of the central authorities’ spiritual guidance from the 2017 Central Rural Work Conference, namely, “taking the path of rural revitalization of socialism with Chinese characteristics”, and the 2018 Central Document No. 1 of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, namely, implementing the strategy of revitalizing the countryside in three steps, with the goal and task of Rural Revitalization, this paper attempts to put forward the path of choice for promoting the all-round revitalization of western ethnic villages. The main innovative points of this paper are as follows: First, tourism can promote the all-round revitalization of rural areas, and this has become its most significant feature: that rural tourism industry has been widely and academically considered as an important means of Rural Revitalization. Different from other industries, tourism is an effective way to promote the all-round revitalization of the rural economy, politics, culture, society and ecology all at the same time and achieving the overall revitalization of rural areas has become its core feature. Second, it puts forward the road of a tourism industry with Chinese characteristics to promote All-round Rural Revitalization: the Central Rural Work Conference of 2017 first proposed “taking the path of rural revitalization of socialism with Chinese characteristics”, which is of great significance for the future rural development of China. Based on long-term field observation on the development of tourism in western ethnic villages, this paper tentatively puts forward choosing the path of tourism to promote the comprehensive revitalization of western ethnic villages. It should attempt to realize an organic combination with the spirit of the seven “roads” proposed in the 2017 Central Rural Work Conference by “taking the path for rural revitalization of socialism with Chinese characteristics”, and planning to build a systematic path of tourism development to promote the all-round revitalization of western ethnic villages. It should be a path which includes seven aspects, namely the path of a rural tourism promoting urban-rural integration, a rural tourism promoting common prosperity for farmers, a rural tourism providing a path to give incentive to reform and optimize agricultural products from the supply side, a rural tourism promoting a path for optimizing the natural rural environment, a rural tourism promoting a path for rural cultural rejuvenation, a rural tourism promoting a path for rural democratic politics, as well as a rural tourism promoting a path to reduce rural poverty. Third, “three steps” should be taken to achieve the goal of promoting rural tourism in an all-round way: from the perspective of time, according to the 2018 Central Document No. 1 of Central Committee of the Communist Party of China The opinions of the State Council on the Implementation of Rural Revitalization Strategy, a comprehensive deployment of “three steps” for the implementation of Rural Revitalization Strategy should be implemented. Tourism in western ethnic areas should promote the implementation of corresponding measures in different types, stages and steps by 2020, 2035 and 2050 consecutively.
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